From the late medieval era to the present, people who practice Pagan religious traditions, as well as Judaism and other faiths considered ‘heretical’ to mainstream Christianity, often become targets for accusations and executions for the ills present in society. Long before coronavirus, racism had infected societies around the world—but especially in Europe and the Americas. For a century following 1918, historians and journalists referred to the 1918 pandemic as the ‘Spanish Flu’ despite the fact that scientists believe the disease originated from China, Kansas, or elsewhere. Coronavirus led to an increase in hate crimes against Asian Americans, and the virus itself disproportionately impacts minority communities in the United States because of systemic racism and a broken healthcare system. After the disturbing videos emerged of Black people such as George Floyd being choked and murdered by police, such institutional white supremacy ignited a raging inferno in society. While the western half of the country literally burned and suffocated in massive wildfires, nearly every city from the Atlantic to the Pacific caught a glimpse of the chaos of political revolution.

Even the Black Death of the 14th century led to widespread unrest, with the rise of Peasant Revolts. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels saw a connection between these medieval uprisings and the struggle between the proletariat, or the peasantry, and the bourgeoisie, or the mercantile class, who had somewhat recently usurped feudal governments. Unlike bourgeois revolutions such as the American War for Independence, most of the Peasant Revolts led to even more repression by the state. Civil unrest in the United States culminated with the storming of the Capitol by a fascist mob on the morning of January 6, 2021. Meanwhile, more than two million people around the world had their last breaths taken by coronavirus.